Interesting Things- Facts About Indian Infrastructure
The Busiest Bridge in India
Howrah Bridge (also called Rabindra Setu) on the Hooghly river in West Bengal is the busiest bridge in India.
Howrah Bridge is a famous landmark of Kolkata.
It has a weight of daily traffic of approximately 150,000 vehicles and the weight of 4,00,000 pedestrians.
Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge bridge, which is constructed entirely by riveting without nuts or bolts.
Howrah Bridge was started in 1937 and the bridge was opened for traffic in February 1943. The bridge has a central period of 1500 feet between the centers of the main towers.
It has an anchor hand of 325 feet each, and each 468 feet cantilever bayer. Suspended period of bridge is 564 feet.
Highest Airports in India
Leh Airport is the largest airport in India; in fact it is the world’s largest commercial airport.
Leh Airport is located at an altitude of about 3000 meters. The name of the airport has been changed after the spiritual leader of the Ladakh region, Kashak Bakola. Koshak Bakola also worked as the ambassador of India in Mongolia.
Leh is a district located in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir state. Its average elevation is 3650 meters in Leh, temperature ranges from -30 ° C to 40 degree Celsius in summer.
Leh is a popular tourist destination. Leh is the center of Tibetan-Buddhist culture and is dotted with many colorful gompa.
Highest Dam in India
On the Bhagirathi river, Tehri dam is the highest dam in India. Tehri Dam is the sixth highest dam in the world, with an altitude of 261 meters.
Tehri Dam is the main dam of the Tehri Hydro project, a major power project located in Uttarakhand state.
The estimated capacity of the dam includes 2400 MW power generation capacity, irrigation is stable in the 6,000 sq. Km area and 270 million gallons of drinking water is available in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
Tehri Dam was sanctioned in 1972 and its construction started in 1978. Due to environmental reasons the dam was in dispute. On completion, the main dam will produce 2000 MW of electricity.
Another small dam in Koteshwar 14 km Below it will produce 400 MW of power.
Largest canal in India
Indira Gandhi Canal is the largest canal in India. The canal is 650 km long and starts from Harik Barrage, a few kilometers below the confluence of Sutlej and twenty rivers of Punjab.
It flows through Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan, in which the canal which flows from Rajasthan is the main length. The canal ends with Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. Construction of Indira Gandhi canal was started in 1958.
The main purpose behind the construction of the canal is to change the agricultural productive sector in the area of farming from the Thar Desert.
The canal was first known as the Rajasthan Canal and its name was changed in 1984. Indira Gandhi uses water from the canal Pong dam.
Largest Reservoir in India
Indira Sagar Dam on Narmada river is the largest reservoir in India, in which 9.3 sq km is completely submerged.
With a slightly curved alignment of radius of 880 meters along the Narmada river near Narmada town of Vikas block of Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh, it is proposed to be 92 meters high and 653 meters tall.
Indira Sagar Dam will have a gross storage of 12.22 BM3 and live storage of 9 .75 BM3. Indira Sagar Dam has an installed capacity of 1000 MW and annual irrigation of 2.65 lakh hectare.
The total drainage area is 61642 square kilometers at the proposed dam site of Indira Sagar project on CCA of 1.23 lakh O.
The Longest Dam in India
Hirakud dam built on Mahanadi river is the longest dam in India. The total length of the main dam is 4.8 km, and the total length is 25.8 km.
The dam and the dike joins. This dam is about 15 km of Sambalpur town in the state of Orissa and the first post of independence major multipurpose river valley project in India.
The dam is irrigated in 436000 hectares of CCA in Mahanadi delta and it has installed capacity of 307.5 MW. Hirakud dam is a composite structure of earth, concrete and masonry, Hirakud Dam 8000 square kilometers (32200 square miles) hide the gardens of Mahanadi.
It has a reservoir which is 743 sq. Km at the entire reservoir level and storage of reservoirs is 5818 m. , While the total is 8136 M co.
Longest Railway Bridge in India
Nehru Setu Bridge near Dehri near Nehru river is the longest railway bridge in India. The bridge is near Sasaram on the Kolkata-Delhi line, it is 3.065 km long and has 93 spaces of 30.5 meters each.
Naranarayana Setu Bridge on Brahmaputra next to the Nehru Sect. Link to Panchamatna (Assam) from the Jogchhopa bridge, its total length is 2.3 km and it has 18 spans, about 2 meters long, about 20 meters each, 30.5 meters 2 spans, the bridge over the Ganges near Patna is 2 km long.
Longest Railway Platform in India
The platform of Kharagpur railway station is the longest railway platform in India. The length of the Kharagpur railway platform is 1072.5 meters, the platform was originally 716 meters long.
This length has been increased twice, once to 833 meters and its current length. Except for the subway platforms (the longest one in the Chicago subway), Kharagpur is the world’s longest railway platform.
Kharagpur is located in West Midnapore West district of the state of West Bengal. It is famous as the place where the first Indian Institute of Technology was established. Kharagpur is one of India’s largest railway workshops.
The Longest River Bridge in India
In Patna, Mahatma Gandhi Setu Bridge is the longest river bridge in the world on the Ganges river. On the north side, the bridge stretches 5.575 kilometers from Hajipur to Patna on the south end.
Patna is situated on the south bank of river Ganga. Patna has a very long river line, and it is surrounded by the banks of Ganga, Sona and Punun river. Gandak river flows across the river Ganges in the north of Patna.
Patna is a historic city and is an important pilgrim center for the Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains. Five Sikh frames in Patna – Takht is one of Patna Sahib’s.
Buddhist and Jain pilgrimage sites are all around Vaishali, Rajgir or Rajgarh, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya and Pappuri. This is the ideal gateway for all the locations of the circuit.
The Longest Sea Bridge in India
The Pamban Bridge is the longest bridge in India, also known as the Anni Indira Gandhi Bridge. A 2.3 km long bridge on the Palk Strait connects Rameswaram Island to the mainland India.
The railway bridge is known for its unique opening so that ships can pass through the sea. The bridge was opened for traffic in 1914. The bridge has a vertical lift section, which is still working well.
There are meter gauge trains on this, however, Indian Railways is upgrading it to carry extensive gauge trains. The scenery surrounding the bridge is breathtaking. The view of the terrain of the islands situated on the far side of the sea and the island of Pamban is very good.
Longest Spanish Cantilever Bridge in India
The Jadukata Bridge is located in the Jharkata river, located in the Ranikor of the Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya, the longest sport Cantilever Bridge in India. The center of the bridge is 140 meters.
Mausiniram Balat, located on the Maheshkhola Road, is situated 130 km from Shulong, the capital of Meghalaya. The Jadukata Bridge is near the Indo-Bangladesh border and makes important links on an important road in this border state.
This bridge was constructed by Gaman India Limited, Mumbai. The total cost of the bridge was approximately 10 million. Jaduakata Bridge won the ICI MC Bokayi award for excellent concrete structures.
Tallest Bridge in India
Pannavadhi Bridge on Panewal river in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra is currently the largest bridge in India.
The highest elevation of the bridge is 64 meters above the bed level and the bridge length is 424 meters. This bridge was built for the Konkan Railway and it was the first bridge built in India, in which incremental launching technology was used.
The bridge superstructure has a single-cell continuous preset concrete box girder with two intermediate 40m spans and two ends of 30 meters each. On this basis, the hollow octagonal reinforced concrete peer rests on the open foundation. In 1995, the bridge got the best concrete structure in the India award from the American Concrete Institute. However, soon this bridge will lose its prestigious title of being the largest bridge in India.
Konkan Railway is currently laying a railway line between Katra and Lao in Jammu and Kashmir. There will be two bridges in the railway line, which will be longer than the Pannavalandi bridge. An elevation of 359 meters will be above the river Chenab, while another 189 meters high will be on Anji Khad.